# calculus

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**Calculus (medicine)**— A calculus is a stone (a concretion of material, usually mineral salts) that forms in an organ or duct of the body. Stones cause a number of important medical conditions.Common stone diseasesA number of important medical conditions are caused by… …52

**Calculus bicolor**— Calculus bicolor …53

**Calculus of structures**— The calculus of structures is a proof calculus with deep inference for studying the structural proof theory of noncommutative logic. The calculus has since been applied to study linear logic, classical logic, modal logic, and process calculi, and …54

**Calculus on Manifolds (book)**— Michael Spivak s Calculus on Manifolds: A Modern Approach to Classical Theorems of Advanced Calculus (1965, ISBN 0 8053 9021 9) is a short text treating analysis in several variables in Euclidean spaces and on differentiable manifolds. The… …55

**calculus of variations**— the branch of mathematics that deals with the problem of finding a curve or surface that maximizes or minimizes a given expression, usually with several restrictions placed on the desired curve. [1830 40] * * * ▪ mathematics branch of… …56

**Calculus of negligence**— In the United States, the calculus of negligence, or Hand rule, is a term coined by Judge Learned Hand and describes a process for determining whether a legal duty of care has been breached (see negligence). The original description of the… …57

**CALCULUS, DIFFERENTIAL AND INTEGRAL**— in mathematics, is the method by which we discuss the properties of continuously varying quantities. The nature of the method and the necessity for it may be indicated by a simple example; e. g. the motion of a train in a track, or the motion… …58

**calculus of finite differences**— a branch of mathematics that interprets variation as a succession of small increments but permits those increments to be finite instead of infinitesimally small * * * the branch of mathematics dealing with the application of techniques similar to …59

**calculus of variations**— noun the calculus of maxima and minima of definite integrals • Topics: ↑mathematics, ↑math, ↑maths • Hypernyms: ↑calculus, ↑infinitesimal calculus …60

**Calculus of functions**— Function Func tion, n. [L. functio, fr. fungi to perform, execute, akin to Skr. bhuj to enjoy, have the use of: cf. F. fonction. Cf. {Defunct}.] 1. The act of executing or performing any duty, office, or calling; performance. In the function of… …